Enlightenment Ch 8 Sec 35-39

The website by Eugene Weber’s The Western Tradition is on various historical subjects. This is meant to help you further your understanding of certain topics. Watch the episodes listed below on the website given. The objectives below are meant to help guide you and might possibly be on the test.

Chapter 32: Absolutism and the Social Contract


Chapter 33: The Enlightened Despots


Chapter 34: The Enlightenment


Objectives for videos
1. How Hobbes justify absolutism despite the differences presented by the social contract? Also how does absolutist state hold it’s own seeds of destruction (including mercantilism and Rococo ideals)?
2. Explain the difference between Hobbes and Locke, Natural Rights and Divine Rights, and philosophes and enlightened despots.
3. Explain why enlightened despots turned towards building a more efficient and rationale government (include why the state turned against the church). What difficulties did they face and why turn to the philosophes for help?