Section 9: Enlightenment

Assigned Text Reading:

pg 309-334, 339-342: Pietism, Wesley, philosophes, literacy rates, salons, Madame de Geoffrin, Condorcet, Diderot, Montesquieu, Voltaire, Rousseau, physiocrat, mercantilism, laissez-faire, Adam Smith, enlightened despot, Maria Theresa, Joseph II, Frederick the Great, Junker

Focus Questions: What are leading ideas of Enlightenment?

How was God redefined by enlightened thinkers?

Why was the enlightenment ideals least effective in France?

Why was Poland partitioned in 1772 and what was the result?

Assigned Video Lecture

The website by Eugene Weber’s The Western Tradition is on various historical subjects. This is meant to help you further your understanding of certain topics. Watch the episodes listed below on the website given. The objectives below are meant to help guide you and might possibly be on the test.

Chapter 32: Absolutism and the Social Contract

http://www.learner.org/vod/vod_window.html?pid=850

Chapter 33: The Enlightened Despots

https://www.learner.org/vod/vod_window.html?pid=851

Chapter 34: The Enlightenment

https://www.learner.org/vod/vod_window.html?pid=852

Objectives for videos:
1. How Hobbes justify absolutism despite the differences presented by the social contract? Also how does absolutist state hold it’s own seeds of destruction (including mercantilism and Rococo ideals)?
2. Explain the difference between Hobbes and Locke, Natural Rights and Divine Rights, and philosophes and enlightened despots.
3. Explain why enlightened despots turned towards building a more efficient and rationale government (include why the state turned against the church). What difficulties did they face and why turn to the philosophes for help?